It should help your reader understand the paper and help people searching for this paper decide whether it suits their purposes prior to reading.
To write an abstract, finish your paper first, then type a summary that identifies the purpose, problem, methods, results, and conclusion of your work.
In scientific writing, on the other hand, abstracts are usually structured to describe the background, methods, results, and conclusions, with or without subheadings.
Now how do you go about fitting the essential points from your entire paper— why the research was conducted, what the aims were, how these were met, and what the main findings were—into a paragraph of just 200-300 words?
Since academic research documents can run from 2000-word journal articles up to dissertations of tens of thousands of words, it is helpful to provide a brief summary of what the work contains, to avoid the frustration of reading the document in full only to realize that it doesn’t meet your needs as a fellow researcher.
By reading the abstract at the beginning, assuming it is well written, you are given enough information to decide whether or not to invest time in reading the work in full.There are 16 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.An abstract describes what you do in your essay, whether it’s a scientific experiment or a literary analysis paper.Don’t be surprised if you find that they also happen to have some of the best abstracts you’ve seen!This article was co-authored by Megan Morgan, Ph D.Since your abstract will be the key to finding the complete work, take the extra time to double check it before submission.Better still, have someone who knows nothing about your research take a look at it – that way you can be sure you have hit the appropriate level of assuming no previous knowledge.They will only consider reading the rest of the manuscript if they find your abstract interesting.For studies in the humanities and social sciences, the abstract is typically descriptive.That is, it describes the topic of research and its findings but usually doesn’t give specific information about methods and results.These abstracts may also be seen in review articles or conference proceedings.