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Unfortunately, his criticism of a new tax scheme landed him on the negative side of the reigning monarch-, which was a highly unfavorable situation in those times.It was only when King James I became monarch in 1603 did Bacon's rise to political power begin.Additionally, he wrote a Utopian science fiction novel called , which was published after his death.
The academic traditions and works of Plato, Aristotle and other classical thinkers did not resonate with Bacon.
After a brief stint studying law, he went to France on diplomatic work.
One of his works titled ", wherein he describes three types of unproductive and baseless enquiry: fantastical, contentious and delicate learning (alternatively known as vain imaginations, vain altercations and vain affectations).
These distempers deal with faulty learning as a result of believing excessively in religious or supernatural entities, learning for the sake of endless debate and nitpicking and the undue emphasis on rhetoric, with style being more important than form.
This state of affairs made Bacon disillusioned with human nature, and he went on to publish certain works that greatly critiqued the innate nature of the human mind.
He believed that if society was to progress, human minds would have to be cleared of their inherent obstructions in order to embrace true learning and knowledge, which was constructive and would lead to society's advancement.Bacon's idea of progress was rather different to many intellectuals of that time.They emphasized on literature and philosophy as subjects of substance and worth.Francis Bacon’s self portrait is a haunting image that evokes thoughts of the human body’s fragility, especially the aged human body.This piece is a reflection of mortality and death expressed with melancholy colors and sparse imagery.Bacon, with his scientific spirit, believed the true essence of progress lay in technical and mechanical inventions that would help in society's march forward.He believed in redirecting mental efforts to the area of tangible progress, and not merely progress that leads to the intellectual satiation of a few thinkers. Bacon has a fair number of critics, with some opposing the ideology of Empiricism that he held so dear, and others specifically targeting his work.As we will see later, a lot of his work on induction was based on inferring general principles after a highly detailed study of specific instances, and gradually building up a stable edifice of knowledge, which could not tumble down any time, as all elements comprising the final principle had been individually analyzed and verified to be correct.Moreover, in Bacon's times, the word of the Church and the monarch were considered sacrosanct, and no one dared to openly defy or question either their authority or beliefs.He ascended the ranks rapidly, becoming Lord Chancellor in 1618- a very high rank in the hierarchical structure of those times. Accusations of bribery landed him in jail in 1621, and while he spent only four days in jail, Bacon was not allowed to be a Member of Parliament or hold any political office as a consequence.It was after his humiliating experience that he entered a spurt of intellectual activity, published a great number of notable essays and novels, and conducted intensive research until his untimely death in 1626.