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Although scientific journals are superficially similar to professional magazines, they are actually quite different.Issues of a scientific journal are rarely read casually, as one would read a magazine.
As such, the authors are unpaid and receive no compensation from the journal.
However, their funding bodies may require them to publish in scientific journals.
if the data collected or considered in the paper support the conclusion offered.
Novelty is also key: existing work must be appropriately considered and referenced, and new results improving on the state of the art presented.
Reviewers are usually unpaid and not a part of the journal staff—instead, they should be "peers", i.e.
researchers in the same field as the paper in question.Usually, rigorous rules of scientific writing are enforced by the editors; however, these rules may vary from journal to journal, especially between journals from different publishers.Articles are usually either original articles reporting completely new results or reviews of current literature.Many doctoral programs allow for thesis by publication, where the candidate is required to publish a certain number of scientific articles.Articles tend to be highly technical, representing the latest theoretical research and experimental results in the field of science covered by the journal.Articles in scientific journals are mostly written by active scientists such as students, researchers and professors instead of professional journalists.There are thousands of scientific journals in publication, and many more have been published at various points in the past (see list of scientific journals).The publication of the results of research is an essential part of the scientific method.If they are describing experiments or calculations, they must supply enough details that an independent researcher could repeat the experiment or calculation to verify the results.The history of scientific journals dates from 1665, when the French Journal des sçavans and the English Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society first began systematically publishing research results.Over a thousand, mostly ephemeral, were founded in the 18th century, and the number has increased rapidly after that.