The goal of this phase of the writing process is to determine the scope of your writing project and to prepare to write your first draft.
We will now describe several prewriting techniques to help you get started.
someone—that is, you should target an audience for your writing assignment.
Audience analysis is crucial to understanding what should go into each piece of writing.
One paragraph focuses on only one main idea and presents coherent sentences to support that one point.
Because all the sentences in one paragraph support the same point, a paragraph may stand on its own. In academic settings, the reasons for writing fulfill four main purposes: to summarize, to analyze, to synthesize, and to evaluate.All links to external sites were verified at the time of publication.UMUC is not responsible for the validity or integrity of information located at external sites.To analyze some concept is not, by itself, very interesting or meaningful.But to analyze a concept to look closely at its various parts so that you may gain new insight into what it means has both strength of purpose and meaning for the reader.Imagine reading one long block of text, with each idea blurring into the next.Even if you are reading a thrilling novel or an interesting news article, you will likely lose interest in what the author has to say very quickly.Purpose bridges the gap between audience and content, linking them inextricably to you, the writer.Your purpose is not the same as your writing strategy.Also, be aware of key words on your assignment sheet that will help you identify the intended audience, e.g., “Write an analysis for others in your field” or “Describe to the class.” To develop an audience profile, you need specific information about your audience—information about its understanding of and attitude toward your subject.Your instructor may guide you in learning what questions to ask to get the necessary information to profile your audience, or you may develop this list yourself.