He offered an empiricist theory according to which we acquire ideas through our experience of the world.
Locke may have played a number of roles in the household, mostly likely serving as tutor to Ashley’s son.
In London, Locke continued to pursue his interests in medicine and natural philosophy.
He uses a theory of natural rights to argue that governments have obligations to their citizens, have only limited powers over their citizens, and can ultimately be overthrown by citizens under certain circumstances.
He also provided powerful arguments in favor of religious toleration.
For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world.
With more than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines.
Locke spent his childhood in the West Country and as a teenager was sent to Westminster School in London.
Locke was successful at Westminster and earned a place at Christ Church, Oxford. Although he had little appreciation for the traditional scholastic philosophy he learned there, Locke was successful as a student and after completing his undergraduate degree he held a series of administrative and academic posts in the college.
His father, also named John, was a legal clerk and served with the Parliamentary forces in the English Civil War.
His family was well-to-do, but not of particularly high social or economic standing.