" (61) In cases like this, in my view, Locke blatantly begs the question against dispositional nativists like Descartes (at least in the case of some ideas).
I also concur with Rickless that Locke's "argument from lack of innate ideas" (roughly the argument that there are no innate principles because their constitutive ideas are not innate) rests on the questionable premise that the ideas, for example, of identity and substance are unclear and hence not innate.
Edwin Mc Cann, in "Locke on Substance" (chapter six), presents the traditional interpretation of substance as the logical notion of a substratum to qualities or the subject of predication.
In light of the difficulties of reconciling this view of substance with Locke's corpuscularianism, alternative interpretations of Locke's account of substance have been offered in the literature.
But why should these principles' not being known to us imply that they serve no purpose for us?
In fact, in a famous passage where Descartes discusses the innateness of the idea of a triangle in an exchange with Gassendi, he argues that the latent presence of the idea of the triangle allows us to recognize triangular shapes in the physical world although we may never be aware of the true idea of the triangle.This essay format promotes not only understanding but also critical reflection on key themes of the Unfortunately, I will not be able to devote to each article the attention it deserves. This part of the essay is useful inasmuch as it allows Rickless to dismiss the widespread view that Locke was addressing a straw man in his polemic (59).I will present the content of some essays and comment more extensively on others. But the most impressive part of the essay consists in identifying and analyzing in detail the various arguments Locke provides against nativism.The difference in the number of essays devoted to each book reflects the difference in length, rather than relevance, among the books in Locke's .The only peculiar structural choice of the volume is making Thomas Lennon's essay "Locke on Ideas and Representation" chapter eight of the volume.One of the greatest merits of the essay is Jacovides's insightful analysis of the various arguments that Locke provides in favor of such distinctions.The longest chapter of the is chapter XXI of Book II, the chapter on power.This is no easy task and Rickless does an exceptionally good job.He argues that although Locke is successful in criticizing the nativist "Argument from Universal Consent", Locke's own arguments against nativism are much less successful.Book II of Locke's and, in particular, for what Locke will argue about the reality of ideas in Book IV.Moreover, it is in this context that Locke lays the foundation of his empiricist epistemology and completes his attack on nativism by providing an empiricist story of the origin of all ideas.