Many black Americans in the South still faced enormous problems doing something as basic as registering to vote such was the intimidation they faced.
In Mississippi, 42% of the state’s population was black but only 2% registered to vote in the 1960 election.
He studied at the Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania.
It was while studying here, that King learned about the non-violent methods used by Mahatma Gandhi against the British in India.
The church was very much a part of his life as both his father and grandfather had been Baptist preachers.
They themselves were involved in thecivil rights movement.Martin Luther King is probably the most famous person associated with the civil rights movement.King was active from the start of the Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955 to 1956 until his murder in April 1968.The same tactic – a non-violent response to violence – was also used by the Freedom Riders in their campaign to desegregate transport.Buoyed by this response, King toured the country making speeches and urging more and more people to get involved in the civil rights movement.He was appointed the president of the Montgomery Improvement Association which was created during the boycott and he became a prominent leader of the boycott – even driving some of the black community to work as the buses had been boycotted.King was arrested for starting a boycott (an arrestable offence as a result of an obscure law that was very rarely used) and fined 0 with 0 costs.This was read by some students at Greensboro, North Carolina and they started the student sit-in of the Woolworth’s lunch counter which had a policy of not serving African-Americans.Though the students were frequently abused and assaulted, they never fought back.He became a Baptist pastor at the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama.He was in Montgomery at the start of the Montgomery Bus Boycott.