by Williams Shakespeare contains two distinctly different subplots within the lager structure of itself, which can be considered as a remarkable characteristic of the dramatic construction in general and of Shakespeare’s play in particular.
Although Shakespeare borrows the themes, characters and stories from the history of the ancient Greece and Greek mythology, the play-within-a-play structure shows his creations and his own work.
As the workmen turn the tragic drama of the Athenian lovers into a comic farce by their awful performance, Oberon does the same when his fairy Puck accidentally put the love potion on eyes of the wrong Athenian man.
This mistake causes the Athenian lovers experience an intensive misery, which also creates a comical situation.
The play-within-a-play structure serves the function of recapping many important themes of The first play-within-a-play is a performance of Pyramus and Thisbe played by the laborers.
It is similar to the main play in many aspects including commons in the story of the Athenian lovers and some of the overall themes.
In spite of their preoccupation, the leader of the troupe Quince fails to help the actors correct their pronunciation and master important techniques for dramatic performance.
During the rehearsal time, instead, he only tries to match the actors in hope that they will play out.
Likewise, the mix-ups and meddling of the love fairy Puck cause the Athenian lovers face a miserable situation, which also happens at night in the wood.
Though the performance of the craftsmen makes the Athenian lovers’ story which involves strong emotions become comical and hilarious, the sub play serves as symbol for the larger play itself.