Computer networks (and their “killer app,” email) made the entire process digital, ensuring the proliferation of the message, drastically increasing the amount of data created, stored, moved, and consumed.Connecting people in a vast and distributed network of computers not only increased the amount of data generated but also led to numerous new ways of getting value out of it, unleashing many new enterprise applications and a new passion for “data mining.” This in turn changed the nature of competition and gave rise to new “horizontal” players, focused on one IT component as opposed to the vertically integrated, “end-to-end solution” business model that has dominated the industry until then.A specialist in topology and in projective and differential geometries, Veblen taught mathematics at Princeton from 1905 to 1932. During World War II, Einstein urged Roosevelt to build the bomb.Tags: Three Part Thesis Statement In English 101Jetblue Case Study Swot AnalysisEssay Writing DiscussEssay On Who Is Jesus ChristMagazines Accepting Essay SubmissionsTattoo Shop Business PlanWhere Buy A Term PaperSpoon Feeding EssayArchitectural Technology Dissertation Topics
Veblen was also one of the two original faculty (with Einstein) in the Institute for Advanced Study.
And Veblen also is remembered fondly on campus for his key stand in 1925 defending an astrophysics professor interested in doing research in the wake of Einstein’s propositions.
The work memo I typed on a typewriter which became a digital document sent across the enterprise and beyond now became my life journal which I could with others, including people on the other side of the globe I have never met. While computer networks took IT from the accounting department to all corners of the enterprise, the World Wide Web took IT to all corners of the globe, connecting millions of people.
Interactive conversations and sharing of information among these millions replaced and augmented broadcasting and drastically increased (again) the amount of data created, stored, moved, and consumed.
Author’s note: I began to write a history of computing at Princeton a decade ago while working in the University’s Office of Information Technology. Princeton’s computing story begins not with Alan Turing, Alonzo Church, John von Neumann, or Albert Einstein, but with Oswald Veblen (1880-1960; Ph.
D., Chicago 1903), who came to the campus at the request of University president Woodrow Wilson 1879. His uncle Thorstein, who wrote (1899), is better known, but Oswald arguably had a more lasting impact.And just as in the previous phase, a bunch of new players emerged, all of them born on the Web, all of them regarding “IT” not as specific function responsible for running the infrastructure but as the essence of their business, data and its analysis becoming their competitive edge.We are probably going to see soon—and maybe already are experiencing—a new phase in the evolution of IT and a new quantitative and qualitative leap in the growth of data.But I would argue that the major quantitative and qualitative leap occurred only when work PCs were connected to each other via Area Networks (LANs)—where Ethernet became the standard—and then long-distance via Wide Area Networks (WANs).With the PC, you could digitally create the memo you previously typed on a typewriter, but to distribute it, you still had to print it and make paper copies.His victory helped to reshape the institution away from a focus on teaching toward sabbaticals and primary research.But Veblen’s most important contribution to the topic at hand stemmed from his work and interest in ballistics.And why did I select these as the top three milestones in the evolution of information technology?Most observers of the IT industry prefer and are expected to talk about what’s coming, not what’s happened.In the wake of World War I and the increased mobility of military equipment, much more accurate and timely methods for firing were needed.Veblen undertook the creation of trajectory tables that would take into consideration variables such as altitude, wind, temperature, shell materials, azimuths, and the like to achieve specific firing distances.