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However, the final draft eliminated a specific reference to her, as Owen wanted his words to apply to a larger audience.The title of the poem, which also appears in the last two lines, is Latin for, "It is sweet and right to die for one's country" - or, more informally, "it is an honor to die for one's country".
The rhyme scheme is traditional, and each stanza features two quatrains of rhymed iambic pentameter with several spondaic substitutions.
"Dulce" is a message of sorts to a poet and civilian propagandist, Jessie Pope, who had written several jingoistic and enthusiastic poems exhorting young men to join the war effort.
“Owen uses imagery to create a sense of being physically crippled when he says …” alliteration, onomatopoeia; e.g.
“Owen uses onomatopoeia to let the reader hear how much the soldiers are suffering when …” structure – exclamation mark, capital letters; and tone – irony in which Owen creates that effect – each of these poetic techniques will be the paragraph topics in the main body of your essay.
Summary The boys are bent over like old beggars carrying sacks, and they curse and cough through the mud until the "haunting flares" tell them it is time to head toward their rest.
As they march some men are asleep, others limp with bloody feet as they'd lost their boots.
One version was sent to Susan Owen, the poet's mother, with the inscription, "Here is a gas poem done yesterday (which is not private, but not final)." The poem paints a battlefield scene of soldiers trudging along only to be interrupted by poison gas.
One soldier does not get his helmet on in time and is thrown on the back of the wagon where he coughs and sputters as he dies.
It was also inscribed on the wall of the chapel of the Royal Military Academy in Sandhurst in 1913.
In the first stanza Owen is speaking in first person, putting himself with his fellow soldiers as they labor through the sludge of the battlefield. They have lost the semblance of humanity and are reduced to ciphers.