During 1999-2000 about 26 crore people in India are reported to be poverty ridden.
In 1999 using income approach the government found 720 lakh families living below poverty line.
It largely emanates from the semi-feudal relations of production in the agriculture unemployment, both in the urban and the rural areas are forced to lead the life of want and hunger.
Improper sectoral investment and widening inequalities of incomes are also responsible for aggravating poverty.
Essay Introduction: The problem of poverty is an economic problem.
It is one of the most important problems that India is facing today.But coming of the Turks, the Mughals, the Arabs, the Mongols and the British for extending their empires or for trade depleted its resources to a great extent, and today, poverty is a harsh reality for a large section of the Indian population.The Meaning of Poverty: Poverty is a situation in which a person is unable to get minimum basic necessities of life, i.e.The objective of these schemes was to create wage employment for families below poverty line and improving the quality of life in rural areas. We have been able to alleviate poverty to some extent through various governmental programmes and schemes.The benefits did not percolate to the lower levels too much because of adverse institutional framework.In 1999-2000, 26.02 crore people were living below the poverty line.According to the UNDP Human Development Report 2003, India is home to the largest number of hungry people 23.3 million.Nature of Poverty in India: According to the Human Development Report of 1977, poverty is the denial of opportunities, to lead a long, healthy creative life and to enjoy a decent standard of living, freedom, dignity, self-respect and the respect of others. Measurement of Poverty: In our country, we might see some of our neighbors finding it difficult to get food even twice a day.Some children in our neighborhood may look weak and highly malnourished because they do not get sufficient and nutritious food.Several land reforms measures such as abolition of Zamindari system, security of tenant farmers, and fixation of rents and distribution of surplus land among small and landless farmers were undertaken by the government.Cottage and small-scale industries, which employ more labourers and less machinery, were encouraged.